Never mind how smooth or what colour your skin is, keeping your skin healthy is important. So, it’s important to know few facts about your skin. Here we go:
#1: The three layers of skin
Skin has six layers but what matter most to us are the three major layers. There’s the top layer also called the epidermis. It consists of dead cells with some clumped melanin and some germinating cells at the base. Below epidermis is the central layer of the skin called dermis. This is where you have a mesh of collagen and elastin, the hair roots, oil glands, sweat glands. Dermis is also the location for nerve endings and capillaries that supply blood and take the toxins away, keeping the circulation going. The layer below dermis is a fatty tissues layer that mainly has supporting fat and blood vessels that cushion your skin and ensure that skin stays supple and firm.
# 2 Skin as a protective organ
Skin is the biggest organ in our body and also an important immune guard that keeps it safe from infections. That is why it is important to maintain its natural moisture and lipid barrier. That is why you should be gentle with your skin and not scrub off the top dead layer aggressively. Excessive peels and microdermabrasion can weaken your skin structure and lead to infections and pre-mature ageing. However, you need to keep it clean and hydrated and prevent dead skin layer from building up.
#3 Skin as an excretory organ
Skin helps you sweat out toxins and chemicals. So, it is important to wash off the grime and grease that appear on the skin. It is a good idea to wash your skin with water and then wipe when you sweat or are exposed to dust. Cleansing your face thoroughly at night is very important too. Avoid putting on any skin care products or makeup on sweaty skin as they will mix with the toxins already on top and make things worse. You must cleanse your skin before applying such products.
#4 Skin as a temperature regulator
Your skin helps to maintain the temperature in your body. As a result, your skin might change in colour depending on the ambient temperature. For example: in winter or in a very cold room your skin might look pale because your skin is trying to regulate the body heat by constricting the blood vessels in the periphery. And the opposite happens in summer or when you are in a very hot room - you will have dilated capillaries to let the heat escape, and more blood flows into the skin which makes you look flushed and red.
To keep skin healthy, you have to ensure that you don’t let the extremes happen to your skin. When it is flushed in hot temperature, you have to calm it down with a splash of cold water, or application of a cooling toner or gel. In winter you have to wash with warm water to keep the circulation going. You can also use little tapping movements over your skin to stimulate.